Strong culture – weak culture
A strong organizational culture helps leadership and motivation, but it risks to become too rigid and inflexible. A leader needs to balance the inflexibility of a strong organizational culture with resistance to change from a too weak organizational culture.
Creating the need for change
A leader is analyzing and realizing that there is an unsatisfactory situation, then creates and communicates the required sense of urgency.
Behavior change can be “coerced” but it may be ineffective for positive changes of attitudes, such as solidarity and accountability.
Unfreeze, change, refreeze
People generally don’t like to unfreeze their accustomed situation. To unfreeze and change, change agents should reassure, involve, empower, support, and celebrate change.
“Men have made millions of laws to punish crimes, and they have not established even one to reward virtue” Dragonetti (1766)
Solidarity and accountability
Payments are not resolving the solidarity problem in a competitive and career dominated environment. Leadership based on self-awareness (e.g., servant leadership) creates a sense of increased meaning, belonging, and promotes accountability and self-leadership.
Resistance vs. apathy
Resistance might be preferable to apathy, as resistance can highlight genuine problems in proposals, and there is an energy that serves as a source of commitment from converted followers.
(Transformational) leadership needs to be fine-tuned according to cultural contexts, such as collectivism/individualism and power distance. For example, on an individual level: low power distance fosters higher emotional commitment to transformational leadership.
Material from the session on January 9th, 2019, 19:30 – 21:00 in Tokyo (at J-Global, Yaesu)Course-2-Session-5-Leadership-Cultural-Threats-and-Change_v03-compressed